Ahl al-Bayt

Majesty Of The Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)

This particular article is about the life of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh). We can divide the divine life of the Messenger of Allah into 2 main parts, the first one is about His stay in Makkah, and the other is all about his stay in Medinah.

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Birth Of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)

The Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad bin Abdullah was born in ‘Am al-Fil/571. His main job was to spread religion and morals. He was also a supreme commander in politics and worked to change the way society works. In true manners, He was an amazing social reformer. He was Allah’s last prophet, and the Quran was his biggest wonder.

Even though the Prophet (pbuh) was born in Arabia, that society has many gods, But He never worshipped any of them. He also didn’t use the bad habits that were common in Arabia before Islam. At the age of forty, Allah picked him to be a preacher. Even though the polytheists of Makkah attacked him and his followers for many years, neither He nor His followers stopped following and preaching Islam. After teaching for thirteen years in Makkah, He migrated to the city of Medina. This move called the Hijrat, marked the start of what is now called the Islamic calendar. In Medina, he started the Muslim ummah, a group of followers that keeps growing.

Because of what the Prophet (pbuh) did, the Age of Ignorance that came before Islam came to an end, and the polytheistic society of Arabia quickly became a religious society. By the time the Prophet’s life was over, almost everyone in the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim. Since then, the number of Muslims has kept growing, and Islam is now the religion that is growing the fastest around the world.

The Prophet (pbuh) told those who followed Him to follow what the Quran and the Ahl al-Bait (as) said. During His life, He chose Imam Ali (as) as His heir on several occasions, including the event of Ghadir.

The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)‘s ancestors believed in God

This is the lineage of the Prophet: Muhammad bin ‘Abd Allah bin. ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Shyba al-Hamd, ‘Amir) bin. Hashim (‘Amr al-‘Ula) bin. ‘Abd Manaf (al-Mughira) bin. Qusayy (Zayd) bin. Kilab (Hakim) bin. Murra bin. Ka’b bin. Lu’ay bin. Ghalib bin. Fihr (Quraysh) bin. Fihr (Quraysh) bin. Malik bin. Nadr (Qays) bin. Kinana bin. Khuzayma bin. Mudrika (‘Amr) bin. Ilyas bin. Mudar bin. Nizar (Khuldan).

Amina (sa) was his mother. Wahb bin. ‘Abd Manaf bin. Zuhra bin. Kilab.

Allama Majlisi said, “All Twelver Shi’as agree that Hazrat Abu Talib(as), Hazrat Amina bint. Wahb, ‘Hazrat Abd Allah bin. ‘Abd al-Muttalib, and all of the forefathers of the Prophet (pbuh), going back to Adam (as) were Muslims.”

The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)‘s family tree

His teknonyms were Abu l-Qasim and Abu Ibrahim. Some epithets of his were: alMustafa (the chosen), Habib Allah (beloved one of Allah), Safi Allah (chosen one of Allah), Ni’mat Allah (gift of Allah), Khiyarat Khalq Allah (the chosen one from the creatures of Allah), Sayyid al-Mursalin (master of the prophets), Khatam al-Nabiyyin (the last of the prophets), Rahmat li-l-‘Alamin (a blessing for the two worlds), al-Nabi al-Ummi (the unschooled Prophet).

No one knows for sure when the Prophet was born. Ibn Hisham and others have written that it happened in the year called “Am al-fil,” which means “the year of the elephant.” This was the year that Abraha al-Ashram and his animals tried to destroy the Ka’ba. But this doesn’t help much because no one knows for sure what year it was—the year of the elephant. But since the Prophet (pbuh) died in 632 CE and was 63 years old when he died, he must have been born in either 569 CE or 570 CE.

Most Shi’a scholars say He was born on Rabi’ I 17th, while Sunni scholars say He was born on Rabi’ I, the 17th.


Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) did not have a family when he was young. A few months after His father, ‘Abd Allah(as), married Hazrat Amina(sa), the daughter of Wahb, the leader of the Banu Zuhra tribe, ‘Abd Allah went on a business trip to Damascus and died when He got back to Yasrib, which is now called Madina. Some sources say He died before Muhammad(pbuh) was born, while others say he died just a few months after Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh)was born.

When Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was six (or four, according to some accounts), He went to Yasrib with His mother, Hazrat Amina(sa), to visit his cousins from the side of Abd al-Mutalib’s mother (i.e., Banu ‘Adi b. Najjar). But while she was going back to Makkah, She died in Abwa’ and was buried there. Hazrat Amina (sa) died when she was 30 years old.

After his mother died, Abd al-Muttalib took care of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) his guardian. ‘Abd al-Mutalib also died when Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was eight years old. Since then, his uncle, Hazrat Abu Talib (as), has been taking care of Him.  At Hazrat Abu Talib’s house, his wife Hazrat Fatima bint. Asad was so kind to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that when she died, He said, “Today, my mother has died!”

The Christian monk’s prediction and the first trip to Syria
Historians say that when Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was young, He went with His uncle Hazrat Abu Talib (as) to Damascus on one of his trips. On the way, they stopped at a place called Busra, where they met a Christian monk named Bahira. He could see that Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was a prophet and told Hazrat Abu Talib(as) how to treat Muhammad in the best way. He told him to keep Muhammad safe from the Jews, who were his worst enemies.

When the caravan moved away from Bahira, he asked Muhammad (pbuh) to stay and told him, “By al-Lat and al-‘Uzza, I command you to answer my questions!” Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) told Bahira, “Don’t ask me to answer you in the name of al-Lat and al-‘Uzza, because I hate nothing more than them.” Then Bahira told him to answer in the name of Allah.

Hilf al-Fuzul

Before He got married, one of the most important things that happened in Muhammad’s life was that He took part in an agreement called Hilf al-Fuzul. In this agreement, some of the young people of Makkah promised to help anyone who was being mistreated and fight for their rights.

The second time to go to Syria

When Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was 25 years old, Hazrat Abu Talib (as) told him, “The caravan of Quraysh is ready to go to Damascus. Hazrat Khadija bint. Khuwaylid(as) has paid some of your family members to do business for her and take their share of the profits. She might let you join them if you want to.” He then talked to Hazrat Khadija(sa), and she agreed. Ibn Ishaq wrote that when Hazrat Khadija (sa)saw how trustworthy and honorable Muhammad (pbuh) was, she told him that she would pay him more than anyone else if he would do business with her money.

Hazrat Khadija (sa) married Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) after that work trip.
When Muhammad (pbuh) was 25, He married Khadija (sa). Hazrat Khadija(sa) lived with the Prophet (pbuh) for 25 years and died 10 years after Baesat. Hazrat Khadija (sa) had a few kids, but the boys all died when they were young. Lady Fatima (sa) was the most well-known of her children.

When Hazrat Khadija (sa) passed away, the Prophet (pbuh) got married to Sawda bint. Zam’a. The Prophet’s (pbuh) next wives were:

Zaynab bint. Khuzayma
Umm Habiba
Umm Salama
Zaynab bint. Jahsh
Juwayriyya bint. al-Harith
Safiyya, bint. Huyyay
Maymuna bint. al-Harith
Mariya bint. Sham’un is known as Mariya al-Qibtiyya. [11]

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